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COVID-19 intensifies urge to expand sustainable energy solutions worldwide

Despite accelerated progress over the past decade, the world will shrink to ensure affordable, reliable, sustainable and universal access to modern energy by 2030, unless efforts are drastically reduced, revealing new tracking SDG7 Is: Energy Progress Report released today International Energy Agency (IEA) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), World Bank and World Health Organization (WHO).

According to the report, prior to the onset of the COVID-19 crisis, significant progress was made on various aspects of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 7. This includes a reduction in worldwide access to electricity, the strengthening of renewable energy for power generation, and a significant reduction in energy efficiency improvements. Despite these advances, global efforts to reach the key goals of SDG 7 by 2030 are insufficient.

The number of people without access to electricity fell from 1.2 billion in 2010 to 789 million in 2018, however, under policies that were either employed or projected before the onset of the COVID-19 crisis, an estimated 620 million people are now There will also be a reduction in access in 2030, 85 percent in sub-Saharan Africa. SDG7 calls for universal energy access by 2030.

Other important elements of the goal will also remain on track. About 3 billion people remained without access to clean cooking in 2017, mainly in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. Millions of people die every year from cooking smoke due to stagnation almost every year since 2010. Renewable energy's share in the global energy mix is ​​growing slowly, despite the rapid growth of wind and solar power in electricity generation. Accelerating renewables across all sectors requires moving closer to reaching the SDG7 target, which is currently well behind their potential. After strong progress on global energy efficiency between 2015 and 2016, the pace has slowed. The rate of improvement needs to accelerate dramatically, from 1.7 percent in 2017 to at least 3 percent in the coming years.

Accelerating the pace of progress in all sectors and regions will require strong political commitment, long-term energy planning, increased public and private financing, and adequate policy and fiscal incentives for rapid deployment of new technologies. "Emphasis on leaving anyone behind" Given the large proportion of the population in remote, rural, poor and vulnerable communities without access, it is needed.

The 2020 report introduces a new indicator, 7.A.1, tracking international financial flows to developing countries in support of clean and renewable energy. Although total flows have more than doubled since 2010, reaching $ 21.4 billion in 2017, only 12 percent reach the least-developed countries, which are the furthest from achieving various SDG7 targets.

The report's five Custodian agencies were nominated by the United Nations Statistical Commission to compile and verify the country's data, along with regional and global aggregates, regarding progress toward achieving the SDG7 targets. The report presents policy makers and development partners with global, regional and country-level data to make decisions and identify priorities for a sustainable recovery from COVID-19 that is affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy Measures This collaborative work once again highlights the importance of reliable data as well as providing an opportunity to strengthen national capabilities to inform policymaking and to enhance data quality through international competence. The report has been forwarded to the UN Secretary-General by SDG 7 custodial agencies to inform the 2030 Agenda for an annual review of sustainable development.

Key highlights on SDG 7 targets

Please note that the report's findings are based on an international compilation of official national-level data as of 2018, while also drawing on an analysis of recent trends and policies related to the SDG7 targets.

Access to electricity: Since 2010, more than one billion people have used electricity. As a result, 90 percent of the planet's population was connected in 2018. Yet 789 million people still live without electricity and despite rapid progress in recent years, the SDG target of universal access is unlikely to be met by 2030, especially if COVID 19 seriously impedes pandemic electrification efforts . Regional disparities persist. Latin America and the Caribbean, East Asia and South-East Asia are approaching universal reach, but Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for 70 percent of the global deficit. Many large access-deficit countries in the region have electrifying growth rates that are not keeping up with population growth. Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) have the largest losses, with 85 million and 68 million unequal people respectively. India has the third largest deficit with 64 million unirrigated people, although its rate of electrification drives population growth. Among the 20 countries with the largest access deficits, Bangladesh, Kenya, and Uganda showed the largest improvement since 2010, thanks to an annual electrification growth rate in excess of 3.5 percentage points, a broadly driven grid driven by a comprehensive approach, Mini grid and off-grid solar electrification.

Clean cooking: About three billion people remained without access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking, mainly living in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. In the period from 2010 to 2018, progress has remained largely stagnant, with rates of growth in access to clean cooking increasing in some countries since 2012, falling behind population growth. Lack of access to clean cooking in the top 20 countries without access accounted for 82% of the global population between 2014 and 2018. The lack of access to clean cooking continues to have serious gender, health, and climate consequences that not only affect SDG goal achievement. 7.1, but also progress towards several other related SDGs. Under current and planned policies, 2.3 billion people will be deprived of clean cooking fuels and technologies in 2030. Women and children are likely to be in prolonged exposure to domestic air pollution mainly due to use of the COVID V 19 epidemic. Traditional uses of raw coal, kerosene or biomass for cooking. Without quick action, the world would fall short of the goal of universal cooking by about 30 percent. Large-scale access to clean cooking was achieved extensively in two regions of Asia. From 2010 to 2018, the number of people lacking access in East Asia and South-East Asia dropped from one billion to 0.8 billion. Central Asia and Southern Asia also saw improved access to clean cooking, with the number of unaccompanied people falling from 1.11 billion to 1.0 billion in these regions.

renewable energy: The share of renewable energy in the global energy mix reached 17.3 percent of final energy consumption in 2017, 17.2 percent in 2016, and 16.3 percent in 2010. Renewable consumption (+2.5 percent in 2017) is growing faster than global energy consumption (+1.8). Percent in 2017), a trend in evidence has continued since 2011. Most of the development in renewables has taken place in the electricity sector, thanks to the rapid expansion of wind and solar power that has been enabled by continued policy support and falling costs. Meanwhile, the use of renewable goods in heat and transport is lagging behind. Achieving SDG target 7.2 will require renewal in all areas. The full impact of the COVID-19 crisis on renewable energy is not yet clear. Interruption in supply of chains and other areas by delay in deployment of wind and solar PV. According to available data, the growth of electricity generation from renewables has slowed as a result of the epidemic. But they are far superior to other major fuels such as coal and natural gas.

energy efficiency: The intensity of global primary energy – an important indicator of how heavy energy is used in the world's economic activities – improved by 1.7 percent in 2017. This is better than the 1.3 percent average rate of progress between 1990 and 2010, but still below the original target rate of 2.6. Percentage and a recession for the last two years. Specific metrics on energy intensity in various sectors indicate that the industry and passenger transport sectors have improved the fastest, exceeding 2 percent since 2010. In the services and residential sectors, they average between 1.5 percent and 2 percent. Goods transportation and agriculture are lagging behind. Achieving SDG target 7.3 for energy efficiency will require an overall pace of improvement to accelerate by about 3 percent a year between 2017 and 2030. But preliminary estimates suggest that in 2018 and 2019, the rate remained well below that level, increasing it even further. Growth in the coming years to reach the SDG7 target.

International financial flow: International public financial flows to developing countries in support of clean and renewable energy since 2010, reaching $ 21.4 billion in 2017. These significant inequalities flow with only 12 percent of flows in 2017, reaching the most needed (most developed countries and smaller islands) developing states). To accelerate the deployment of renewable energy in developing countries, there is a need to increase international cooperation that involves strong public and private linkages, thereby increasing financial flows to the needy – COVID-19 Even more in the world .

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“The COVID-19 epidemic has exposed deep disparities around the world in terms of access to modern, affordable and sustainable energy. Electricity is an important basis of response to public health emergencies in many countries – but millions of people around the world still lack basic access, with most of them in sub-Saharan Africa. " said Dr. Fatih Birol, Executive Director of the International Energy Agency. “Even before today's unprecedented crisis, the world was not on track to meet major sustainable energy targets. Now, they are likely to be even more difficult to obtain. This means that we will have to double our efforts to bring affordable, reliable and clean energy to all – especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, where the need is greatest – to create more prosperous and resilient economies. Could. "

“Access to reliable energy is a lifeline, especially in the context of the COVID-19 crisis. This is necessary not only to prevent and address the epidemic, but to accelerate recovery and build back better by achieving a more sustainable and resilient future for all, ” said Riccardo Puliti, global director of energy and extractive industries at the World Bank and regional director for infrastructure in Africa. "The report provides solid data and evidence that builds on why it is necessary to act now, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, where, as the status quo, 530 million people — or more than twice the population of Nigeria – Will still be without electricity in 2030. "

"Renewable energy is critical to achieving SDG 7 and building flexible, equitable and sustainable economies in a COVID-19 world. Now is the time for bold international cooperation to bridge more energy cooperation gaps than ever before and to keep sustainable energy at the heart of economic stimulus and recovery measures. IRENA is committed to taking action with its global membership and partners to interfere with the channel investment and guidance policy towards sustainable development for all mankind. said Francesco La Camara, director general of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).

“This report is an exemplary case of collaboration between Custodian agencies of SDG7 to present comprehensive data and analysis, a common vision of progress towards ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all. Returns the message. As of the current situation, it has been concluded that the COVID-19 pandemic can either widen the permanent energy access gap or accelerate towards achieving SDG 7, which is the priority of most national economic stimulus packages and Global feedback is based on who supports the most needs. , " said Stephen Schweinfest, Director, United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD).

“In this time of global health crisis, the safety of the health of 3 billion people without cooking solutions is more important than ever. सबसे कमजोर आबादी के स्वास्थ्य की रक्षा करने के लिए स्वच्छ और स्थायी ईंधन और प्रौद्योगिकियों के लिए संक्रमण में तेजी लाने के लिए सरकारों, नींव, दाताओं और निजी क्षेत्र को अपने प्रयासों को संयोजित करने की आवश्यकता है। said Dr. नाको यामामोटो, सहायक महानिदेशक, यूनिवर्सल हेल्थ कवरेज / स्वास्थ्य आबादी, विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन (WHO) के डिवीजन।

इस रिपोर्ट का यह छठा संस्करण है, जिसे पहले ग्लोबल ट्रैकिंग फ्रेमवर्क (GTF) के रूप में जाना जाता था। इस वर्ष के संस्करण की अध्यक्षता अंतर्राष्ट्रीय अक्षय ऊर्जा एजेंसी (IRENA) ने की थी।

रिपोर्ट को http://trackingSDG7.esmap.org/ पर डाउनलोड किया जा सकता है।

रिपोर्ट के लिए फंडिंग विश्व बैंक के ऊर्जा क्षेत्र प्रबंधन सहायता कार्यक्रम (ESMAP) द्वारा प्रदान की गई थी।

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