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The study provides a comprehensive view of terrestrial poisonous snakes and snakebite in the Middle East

A common problem in many parts of the world, but less
It is known about its vastness in Arab countries of the Middle East,
Where cases are not widely reported.

The objective is to halve the number of deaths and disability cases
Envisage snake bite in the next 12 years through a program
Targets affected communities and their health systems, and ensures
Access to safe, effective treatment with increased support,
Collaboration and partnership at all levels.

Recently interdisciplinary group of zoologists and snakebite experts
Reviewed the existing English and Arabic literature on terrestrial venom
Snakes and snakes bite in Arab countries of the Middle East
To date and a comprehensive view of the situation in the region.

A wide range of residences, the review found that the region hosts 19
Species of terrestrial venomous snakes of varying medical importance.
These include 14 viperids (excluding highly suspicious records) Montivipara xanthina In Syria (photo 1), 3 ellapids (photo 2) and 2 atrataspidine.

D.A. Warrell / Oman spotted a sample viper (Echis omanensis) from Rustac, Oman.

The review shows that the available scientific literature is skewed
Across the region, and on that epidemiological and clinical data
Snakebite is generally limited or absent from some countries.

Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, Saudi Arabia and Yemen report the largest
Number of snakebite cases (eg, a study in Saudi Arabia
1,019 snake bite cases were described for the period 2005–2010), with mangoes
Epidemiological patterns: Men are mainly bitten on the road
their feet. On the other hand, only two snakebite cases were reported
Found from Kuwait and no information was available from Qatar.

Snake bites and scorpions should be encouraged in this area
To record notable diseases and related mortality
Sickness, so that these conditions can have public health value
Be evaluated more reliably.
Said Professor David Warrell of Oxford University in the United Kingdom, the study's co-author.


There are only two antivenum manufacturers in the region. scientific study
And research center SYRIA now manufactures only anti-scorpion.
His "polyvalent anti-snake venom sera" is no longer attainable.
National Antivenum and Vaccine Production Center (NAVPC), National
Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, manufactures Duplex Naja / walterinnesia Snake antivenum, polyvalent snake antivenum, and polyvalent Scorpio antivenom.

Imported Indian wine is claimed to neutralize "snake venum antitoxin (biosnake)" Naz Haza, Naza Nigricollis And Ceremony Ceremon Venomers,
But the geographical origin of these poisons and clinical
The effectiveness of antivenum for snakebite in Arab countries is

Political unrest in the region is threatening local production,
And imports from adjacent Middle Eastern countries. It also makes
Development of a coordinated regional initiative to overcome this
Scarcity is more difficult. Responsible international manufacturer
Outside this area, appropriate retaliation should be considered
To meet human need and marketing opportunity. However, new
The regional antivenum should be designed based on sound knowledge
The species is known to have the greatest medical importance and is used
Poison received from snakes in Arab countries
"Professor Zuhair S. Amrit, lead author, Jordan University for Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan said.

Prevention and raising awareness in this public health problem
The area should also be promoted, especially among farmers and others
To cope with the group and their accompanying snakes in rural areas
Routine or daily life.

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